Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2024-02-01 Assessing the Prevalence of Ageism among Long-term Care EmployeesJournal of Long-Term Care.  77-89. 2024-02-01
2023-09-01 Mental Health Stigma in Active-duty Service Members Receiving Mental Health ServicesMilitary Reach Review: Translating Research into Practice (TRIP) Report.  188:e3152-e3159. 2023-09-01
2023-08-01 How Fieldwork is Embedded within Curricula and Coursework in Recreational Therapy Academic ProgramsTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  57:232-245. 2023-08-01
2023-08-01 How Recreation(al) Therapy/Therapeutic Recreation Academic Programs Structure the NCTRC-Eligible Internship into their CurriculaTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  57:246-255. 2023-08-01
2023-08-01 Towards a Better Understanding of Fieldwork Requirements in Recreation(al) Therapy/Therapeutic Recreation EducationTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  57:215-231. 2023-08-01
2023-05-01 Leisure Constraints Experienced by People in Early Recovery from Substance Use DisordersJournal of Substance Use.  28:315-319. 2023-05-01
2022-11-01 Exploring the Leisure Meaning for Staff and Residents in Community-based Residential Programs Serving Individuals with Substance Use DisordersAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  21:31-39. 2022-11-01
2022-09-01 The Rise of Compassionate Ageism: Long-Term Care Employees’ Attitudes Toward Aging during COVID-19American Journal of Recreation Therapy.  21:13-18. 2022-09-01
2022-08-01 Perceived Competence in NCTRC Job Task Domains among Therapeutic Recreation Interns Following the Declaration of the COVID-19 as a Global PandemicTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  56:227-250. 2022-08-01
2022-04-01 Evaluating a veteran-specific equine-assisted therapy programAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  21:25-35. 2022-04-01
2021-09-01 Virtual recreation therapy internship during the COVID-19 pandemic: A programmatic reviewAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  19:6-14. 2021-09-01
2021-04-01 An exploration into the experiences of female veterans who attended Higher Ground military programmingTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  55:168-184. 2021-04-01
2020-10-01 Feasibility of using yoga as problem- and emotion-focused coping for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities: A pilot study -- American Therapeutic Recreation Association Annual in Therapeutic Recreation IssueTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:453-468. 2020-10-01
2020-10-01 Perceived psychosocial benefits for individuals with Parkinson’s Disease following therapeutic yoga: A qualitative analysisOBM Geriatrics, Special Issue on Yoga with Older Adults.  4:1-14. 2020-10-01
2020-10-01 Recreational therapy competencies, part 1: The ATRA Delphi and competencies study -- American Therapeutic Recreation Association Annual in Therapeutic Recreation IssueTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:391-401. 2020-10-01
2020-10-01 Recreational therapy competencies, part 2: Findings from the ATRA competencies study -- American Therapeutic Recreation Association Annual in Therapeutic Recreation IssueTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:402-438. 2020-10-01
2020-10-01 The future of RT/TR education: Results from the ATRA Higher Education Task Force study -- American Therapeutic Recreation Association Annual in Therapeutic RecreationTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:366-390. 2020-10-01
2020-07-01 Examining attitude change following participation in an international adaptive sports trainingTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:276-290. 2020-07-01
2020-07-01 Use of evidence-based practices in recreational therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorder recovery: A descriptive study of current practicesTherapeutic Recreation Journal, Special Issue on Mental Health.  54:128-149. 2020-07-01
2020-05-01 Identifying contextual factors that impact community reintegration in injured female veteransJournal of Military, Veteran and Family Health.  6:38-47. 2020-05-01
2020-03-01 Changes in family leisure following a family camp for children with autism spectrum disorderTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:17-31. 2020-03-01
2020-03-01 Creating football memory teams: Development and evaluation of a football-themed reminiscence therapy programTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:32-47. 2020-03-01
2020-03-01 Perceived outcomes of adaptive fitness participation for individuals with physical impairments: An examination of daily and competitive involvementAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  19:35-43. 2020-03-01
2020-03-01 Predictors of functional improvements after therapeutic yoga intervention for people with Parkinson’s diseaseInternational Journal of Yoga Therapy.  30:9-18. 2020-03-01
2020-03-01 The impact of a sensory garden for people with dementiaTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  54:48-63. 2020-03-01
2019-12-01 A program evaluation of a recreation-based military family campAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  18:19-26. 2019-12-01
2019-12-01 Understanding administrators’ perceptions of recreational therapy in long term careTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  53:402-414. 2019-12-01
2019-11-01 ATRA Competency Study: Promoting Development of Recreational Therapists Serving Older AdultsInnovation in Aging.  3:S1-S2. 2019-11-01
2019-11-01 Changes in non-motor symptoms following an 8-week yoga intervention for people with Parkinson’s diseaseInternational Journal of Yoga Therapy.  39:91-99. 2019-11-01
2018-12-01 Examining the educational requirements for entry-level RT/TR practice: The process and recommendations of the ATRA Higher Education Task ForceTherapeutic Recreation Journal/ATRA Annual in Therapeutic Recreation.  52:410-418. 2018-12-01
2018-09-01 Injured female service members’ experiences with community reintegration: A qualitative studyJournal of Military, Veteran and Family Health.  4:18-27. 2018-09-01
2018-09-01 The preliminary effects of a recreation-based military family camp on family functioningAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  17:15-24. 2018-09-01
2018-06-01 Functional improvements in Parkinson’s Disease following a randomized trial of yogaEvidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.  2018:1-8. 2018-06-01
2018-04-01 Perceived activities and participation outcomes of a yoga intervention for individuals with Parkinson’s disease: A mixed methods studyInternational Journal of Yoga Therapy.  28:51-61. 2018-04-01
2018-03-01 Functional independence 6 months to 5 years after traumatic brain injury: Opportunities for recreational therapyAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  17:29-36. 2018-03-01
2018-03-01 Preliminary long-term health outcomes associated with recreation-based health & wellness programs for injured service membersCogent Psychology.  5:1-17. 2018-03-01
2018-02-01 Contextual facilitators and barriers of community reintegration among injured female military veterans: A qualitative studyArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  99:S65-S71. 2018-02-01
2017-12-01 Perceived benefits from informal caregivers after an 8-week yoga intervention for people with Parkinson’s diseaseAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  16:23-29. 2017-12-01
2017-11-01 Improving leisure constraints in older adults with a fear of falling through hatha yoga: An acceptability and feasibility studyInternational Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Research.  1:007-013. 2017-11-01
2016-12-01 Therapeutic riding and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An application of the theory of self-efficacyAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  15:41-47. 2016-12-01
2016-03-01 Nature-based recreational therapy for military service members: A strengths approachTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  50:55-74. 2016-03-01
2016-03-01 The effects of utilizing high element ropes courses as a treatment intervention on self-efficacyTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  50:75-92. 2016-03-01
2015-10-01 Understanding the contextual influences of community reintegration among injured military service membersJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  52:527-542. 2015-10-01
2015-04-01 Identifying contextual influences of community reintegration among injured servicemembersJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.  52. 2015-04-01
2014-09-01 Recreational therapy services with individuals recovering from spinal cord injury in inpatient rehabilitation: A cost-effectiveness analysisAmerican Journal of Recreation Therapy.  13:13-21. 2014-09-01
2014-09-01 Therapeutic recreation in education: Considerations for therapeutic recreation practitioners, school systems, and policy-makersJournal of Disability Policy Studies.  23:131-139. 2014-09-01
2014-06-01 Effects of equine-assisted therapy on gross motor skills of two children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A single-subject research studyTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  48:135-149. 2014-06-01
2012-06-01 The influence of a yoga exercise program for young adults with intellectual disabilitiesInternational Journal of Yoga.  5:151-156. 2012-06-01
2011-12-01 Effects of participation in a Paralympic military sports camp on injured service members: Implications for therapeutic recreationTherapeutic Recreation Journal.  45:309-325. 2011-12-01


Year Title Altmetric
2019-12-01 ATRA’s competencies in recreational therapy practice: Results from the 2019 ATRA Delphi & competencies study.  American Therapeutic Recreation Association. 2019-12-01


Year Title Altmetric
2021-01-01 Nature, Recreation, and Recreational Therapy Typology: Creating Distinctions, but Working Together to Support Our Veterans and Their Families -- Outdoor Recreation and Our Military Family: Pathways to Recovery.  Sagamore-Venture Publishing LLC. 175-192. 2021-01-01
2020-07-01 Chapter 12: Military Service Members -- Recreational Therapy: An Introduction.  Sagamore Publishing. 257-284. 2020-07-01


Year Title Altmetric
2014-09-01 Review of Leisure and Aging: Ulyssean Living in Later Life (5th ed)American Journal of Recreation Therapy. 47-48. 2014-09-01


Year Title Altmetric
2018-07-01 American Therapeutic Recreation Association Higher Education Task Force Final ReportAmerican Therapeutic Recreation. 2018-07-01


Research Overview

  • The investigation of the functional, health, and community reintegration outcomes associated with recreational therapy and rehabilitation interventions and programs for veterans and civilians with disabling health conditions.
  • Teaching Overview

  • Recreational Therapy
  • Full Name

  • Brent L Hawkins